Life:: Live and Work in Indonesia

Riau Islands, Bintan. Local medicin practitioner in Tanjung Pinang. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Riau Islands, Bintan. Local medicin practitioner in Tanjung Pinang. Strange customs is a part of daily life in Indonesia. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

To fully enjoy living in a country like Indonesia you need the ability to quickly adapt. Many people will on their first visit to Asia experience a cultural shock, absolutely everything is different. A cultural shock is not just a way of speech, it can be quite real for most of us moving to a new country. It will not appear right after the move as many may believe, for the first 1-2 months everything will look new, exciting and charming.

In the next phase all that used to be charming may turn into a source of irritation. You may hit an absolute low after 4-5 months, when stress, frustration and irritation may create a big problem. Fortunately this will in most cases improve when you learn to know the local conditions, language and culture, and you will most likely adapt a more realistic and harmonic relation to your new surroundings after a year. By learning about the language, culture and society in advance you can shorten the duration of this period considerably, or even eliminate it altogether.

In Indonesia you will often meet a different logic and sense of time, the Indonesians themselves have an expression called “jam karet”, which can be translated to “rubber time”. An agreed time for an appointment or delivery can be stretched like a rubber string. On the other hand this doesn’t mean that people don’t care, the job will be done, it’s just a matter of time and patience.

Religion plays a major part in this country, about 90 percent of the inhabitants are Muslim and take their prayers and religious ceremonies seriously, you can forget to make an appointment between 11 and 13 o’clock on a Friday! Whatever religious belief a person has you just don’t make jokes about religion here.

Even if the large majority of the population are Muslim there is full freedom of religion, a good thing which in practical life means a lot of religious holidays. Compared to many Arabic countries this is a liberal Muslim state. Alcohol, at least beer, can easily be found in shops and cafe’s, but to see a drunken Indonesian is very rare. Women are active outside the home, both at work and in organizations, some also in politics.

To learn at least a minimum of the Indonesian language will make life dramatically simpler. Even if some understand a little bit of English most don’t. Some may give the impression that they understand you and say “yes” to your questions, even if they don’t have a clue what you are talking about. This can be very confusing until you learn how to ask simple questions in order to control the persons knowledge of foreign languages.

The Javanese culture doesn’t like confrontations, and the word “no” is almost totally absent from their language. Supposedly there are 21 ways to say “no” in Javanese, 19 of them are “yes”. In a country with hundreds of different languages almost all Indonesians can speak Bahasa Indonesia in public or with people from other regions. For daily use many speak their local language. Bahasa Indonesia is not so difficult, the vocabulary is quite different but the grammatical is relatively easy. One example is plural which is almost absent, the word is simply repeated twice, one child is called “anak”, many children are called “anak anak”.

Kalimantan, Tanjung Datu. Small village close to the Malaysian border. Children playing on the beach. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Kalimantan, Tanjung Datu. Small village close to the Malaysian border. Children playing on the beach. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)


As a foreigner you have to get used to a lot of attention, usually this is only fun, but sometimes very annoying. At first some will get angry or even scared, but the attention shown by the locals is almost always friendly. You cannot walk far before you hear “where are you going mister?” or “hello boss”, just reply with a “hello” and you will have a friend. Remember to be polite, especially on Java where politeness is an important part of the language and culture. On Java you address adult men with “Pak” and women with “Ibu”, if somebody calls you “Pak” (or “Ibu”) it is a sign of respect. The Indonesians are at the same time very open and direct, if they call you skinny or fat it is not meant as an offense here.

It is important to meet with and talk to the locals in daily life, if you only meet with other expatriates you can quickly adapt a negative view of the local conditions, the influence will be only one sided. A good relationship with other foreigners is on the other hand also useful, you will learn from the experiences of other people in the same situation as yourself.

To travel to Indonesia as a tourist will for most western nationalities require a visa, then you can stay there for one month at a time. Some nationalities may obtain the visa on arrival, while others have to apply before they travel. If you intend to work here you will need a Business Visa, later you will have to apply for a stay permit and work permit, the stay permit will normally last for a year at a time. Each time you leave the country you will then need an entry/re-entry permit and pay a fiscal fee, if you are employed here this will in most cases be arranged by your company.

You will need some vaccinations before you travel, it is best to do this in your home country. Malaria is not a problem on Java or Bali, but in more remote areas of the country you should take malaria tablets. If you use common sense there is minimal risk of getting any tropical diseases, the most common problem is diarrhea. Only eat food that is properly cooked or fried or fresh fruit, don’t drink tap water, to be safe you shouldn’t even brush your teeth in tap water. The papaya fruit is a good remedy against stomach problems, it is also very tasty. Fruit of all kinds grow in abundance here, don’t be afraid to try, most of them are very good (even durian).

Above all, enjoy your time here, the success of your stay is mostly up to yourself!

  • Living in Indonesia Interesting and useful site with experiences of expats who have stayed in Indonesia, many links

Life:: Moving abroad – The spouse situation

Indonesia, Java, Jakarta. Blok M Plaza and Pasaraya Grande are main shopping centers in Blok M. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Indonesia, Java, Jakarta. The spouse is normally the one who goes to the supermarket or the market to do the shopping. Blok M Plaza and Pasaraya Grande are main shopping centers in Blok M. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

This article is basically written for expatriates moving to Indonesia for a shorter or longer period, the article’s main focus is on the wife who decides to follow her husband abroad, as this is still the most common case when a family moves to a developing nation. Every move abroad starts with a decision (still) most often made by the husband, or more correctly, by his employers, and by the time the spouse hears about it she sometimes feel there is little left to discuss.

First step: the decision to move abroad

The wife does not want to be discouraging and she does not want to get in the way of her husband’s career. Chances are that she will go along with the decision without feeling like she has either a choice or a full understanding of what the move involves. This situation is now fortunately changing as there is today not the same obvious expectation that the wife will follow her husband.

The wife often has her own career that needs to be considered. However, the husband’s career is still in many cases considered more important and the wife tends to go along with her husband’s desires. The point here is not that the wife should refuse to give up her job to follow her husband to a foreign country. The point is that there needs to be a thorough discussion of the issue and the wife needs to be included in all parts of the decision making process.

Added difficulties for the spouse

There is no doubt that the move abroad and the following culture shock can be difficult for the whole family. The experience is however more intense for the non-working wife because she has little else to focus on. The husband, while submerging himself in a new culture, is also very busy at work where he is often surrounded by other expatriates, or at least by people who have an international background and who are used to dealing with people from different cultures. The children usually have school or pre-school to focus on. This may be at an international school where they meet children from all over the world and from their own country as well. We do not suggest that starting at a new school in an environment where everything is strange and different and where you might not even speak the language is an easy and pleasant experience, but children have an amazing ability to adapt, and once they are adjusted school becomes the focus in their lives.

The wife, who has probably left a job behind, has no work, initially has no friends or extended family around, and no organizations to belong to. In many developing nations, including Indonesia, there are servants who take care of the household duties such as washing and cooking and looking after the smaller children, so these activities are taken away from her as well.

The wife is also in closest contact with the locals around her. She is the one who goes to the supermarket or the market to do the shopping and she is the one who tries to communicate with the servants. The culture shock can therefore hit her harder and faster. The problems may be highlighted by her husband’s work when it involves a lot of traveling and she feels he is never there when she needs him.

Creating a meaningful life

The point is not to paint a picture of how horrible moving to a foreign country might be for the spouse. It is rather to indicate that the problems she faces could have repercussions on everyone, and it is therefore in the best interest of everyone involved to make sure that she adjusts and that she is happy. The wife should, therefore, be included in any pre-departure orientations. The more information she gets to prepare herself, the easier it will be for her to adjust. The happiness of the wife is not solely the responsibility of those surrounding her, however. It is very much up to herself. If she has made a conscious and informed decision that she wants her and her family to move to a different country so that her husband can be involved in an international project, knowing she leaves friends and family behind and usually opportunity to work, then it is up to her to make the best of it.

We will recommend that any wife takes the opportunity to live abroad for a period if she feels it fits into her own goals. Living in a foreign culture, although at times very frustrating, can be a very enriching experience. It is a chance to be a part of something very different from what you are used to, and not been able to if you had not moved. It may also be a very good opportunity to develop yourself. Although the wife is an important support system for the rest of her family she also has a lot of time for herself. Not having to work or to do household chores means she can focus on other things.

It is not adequate to say, however, “this is great, I’m going to have two years vacation”. You have to make a conscious effort to figure out what you will do with your spare time, you need to create a meaningful life for yourself. Creating a meaningful life abroad remains the most neglected aspect of the spouse’s experience in a foreign country. People talk about the initial culture shock, learning a foreign language, and adjusting to the new culture. But adjustment is only half of the challenge, it brings a potentially negative situation to neutral, not to positive. Adjustment only brings the wife to the point where the foreign environment no longer constantly frustrates her, it does not provide motivation, direction and a meaning to daily life. The spouse will need to decide what she finds fulfilling, and what she would like to accomplish during her stay abroad.

There are no right or wrong answers. Each person will have a different response. Some examples are: developing one’s artistic side, teaching the mother language and history to compatriot children who have spent a long time abroad, volunteer work, taking the opportunity to have babies, using her education and professional experience to pursue something on a volunteer basis (an architect can design an efficient playground for needy children), learning in depth about the history, culture and language of the host country, learning a new sport (tennis, golf etc.). The important thing is not what she decides to do, but that she decides to do something that is meaningful to her. If her husband moves from one foreign country to another, it is important that this meaningful activity is portable.

As mentioned earlier, this move can be a very interesting and exciting experience for the whole family, but you can not be passive and expect things to happen. You have to make the effort to meet the people you want to meet and do the things you want to do. The expatriate community can be a real strength both socially and in terms of getting helpful information on what to do. It is important to make an effort and to keep a positive attitude whenever possible. Another obvious support system is everyone else who are about to go through the same experience. Help each other so that you can stop focusing on the frustrating aspects of living in Indonesia and start enjoying everything this beautiful country has to offer.

  • Living in Indonesia Interesting and useful site with experiences of expats who have stayed in Indonesia, many links

Indonesia:: Indonesian Embassies and Consulates abroad

Bali, Tabanan, Tanah Lot. The Tanah Lot rock is the home of a pilgrimage temple, the Pura Tanah Lot. The sunsets here are famous. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Bali, Tabanan, Tanah Lot. Before you can visit exotic places like Bali you will most likely need a one month tourist Visa.(Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Below is a list of Indonesian Embassies and Consulates abroad. The list is not 100% complete. Before you go to Indonesia you should check your passport expiry date. Indonesia require passports to be valid for six months following the date of arrival. New regulations have implemented one month tourist Visa’s for most countries, which for some nationalities may be obtained on arrival.


Embassies in Africa

ETHIOPIA Addis Ababa Website Embassy of Indonesia in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
SOUTH AFRICA Cape Town Consulate General Website Corner Hope & Glynn Street P.O. Box 10129 Caledon Square Cape Town 8001, South Africa Phone : 27-21 615014, 4615024, 4615049, 4615053 Fax : 27-21 4615244

North America

CANADA Ottawa Embassy Website 55 Parkdale Avenue Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1Y 1E5 Phone : 613 724-1100 Fax. : 613 724-1105
Edmonton Honorary Consul Consulate 15124-42 Avenue Edmonton. Alberta, Canada T6H 5L6 Phone : 1-403 308742 Fax. : 1-403 988-9768
Montreal Representative Office 999 University Street, Suite 15.15 Montreal, Quebec H3C 5J9 Phone : 514 954-8276 Fax. :  514 954-6369
Toronto, Consulate 129 Jarvis Street, Toronto, Ontario Canada M5C 2H6 Phone : 1-416 360-4020 Fax. : 1-416 360-4295
Vancouver Consulate General Website 1455 West Georgia Street, 2nd Floor, Vancouver, B.C. Canada V6G 2T3 Phone : 1-604 682-8855 Fax. : 1-604 662-8396
USA Washington, DC Embassy Website Embassy of Indonesia 2020 Massachusetts Ave.N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036 Phone: 202 775-5200 Fax: 202 775-5365
Chicago, Illinois Consulate General Website 540 North La Salle st, 6-7 Floors Chicago, ILLINOIS 60610 Phone : 1-312 595-1777 Fax. : 1-312 595-9952
Honolulu, Hawaii  Honorary Consul  Consulate Pri Tower, 33 Bishop Street Box. 3379 Honolulu, HI 96842, U.S.A. Phone : 1-80 524-4300
Houston,Texas Consulate General 10900 Richmond Avenue, Houston, Texas 7704, U.S.A. Phone : 1-713 785-1691 Fax. : 1-713 780-9644 Email
Los Angeles, California Consulate General 3457 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90010, U.S.A. Phone : 213 383-5126 Fax. : 213 487-3971 Email
New York Consulate General 5, East 68th Street New York, NY 10021, U.S.A. Phone : 1-212 879-0600 to 879-0615 Fax : 1-212 570-6206
San Francisco, California, United Nations Consulate General 1111 Columbus Ave San Francisco, CA 94133, U.S.A. Phone : 1-415 474-9571 Fax. : 1-415 441-4320

Central America

MEXICO Monterrey  Honorary Consul  Consulate Av. Munich No. 101, Colonia San Nicolas de Los Garza, Estado De Nuevo, Leon, C.P. 66452, Mexico Phone : 83 282800 Fax. : 83 282810
Nuevo Leon  Honorary Consul  Consulate Av. Munich No. 101, Colonia San Nicolas de Los Garza, Estado De Nuevo, Leon, C.P. 66452, Mexico Phone : 83 282800 Fax. : 83 282810

South America

BRAZIL Sao Paulo  Honorary Consul  Consulate AV. Brig. Luis Antonio 3077, Sao Paulo, Brazil Phone : 011 885-6294 Fax : 011 887-9524
ECUADOR Quito  Honorary Consul  Consulate Pasaje Turquia 155 Quito, Ecuador Phone : 593-2 3946-6203 Fax. : 593-2 3946-6203
PERU Lima  Honorary Consul  Consulate AV. Argentina 1239 LIMA I – PERU Phone : 005114 324067 Fax : 005114 316362
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Port Of Spain  Honorary Consul  Consulate 22 Palm Road, Valsayn Park Trinidad, West Indies Phone : 1-809 663-8080 Fax : 1-809 675-3884
URUGUAY Montevideo  Honorary Consul Consulate Avenida Brazil 3074, Piso 6 Montevideo, Uruguay Phone : 598-2 782043

Asia

BANGLADESH Chittagong Honorary Consul Consulate Hotel Agrabad Suite-200 Chittagong, Telex : 66237 ALIO BJ Phone : 880-31 5001-1120 Fax. : 880-31 225572
HONG KONG Consulate General 127-129 Leighton Road, 6-8 Keswick Street, Causseway Bay, Hong Kong Phone : 852 2890-4421, 2577-2459 Fax. : 852 2895-0139
INDIA Calcutta Honorary Consul Consulate Raj Kamal Bhvaen, 128 Rash Bahari Avenue, Calcutta, India Phone : 91-33 460297
Mumbay Consulate General 19, Altamount Road, Cumballa Hill, Mumbay 400 026, India Phone : 91-22 386-8678 Fax. : 92-22 386-0941
JAPAN Tokyo Embassy Website 5-2-9 Higashigotanda, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-0022 Phone: 81-3-3441-4201 Fax: 81-3-3447-1697
Fukuoka Honorary Consul Consulate Kyuden Building 1-82 Watanabe – Dori – Chome Chou-ku, Fukuoka-Shi, Fukuoka, Japan Phone : 81-92 761-3031
Osaka Consulate General Daiwa Bank Semba Building 6th Floor 4-21, Minamisemba 4-chome Chuo-ku, Osaka 542, Japan Phone : 81-6 252-9823 to 252-9827, 252-9871, Fax : 81-6 252-9872
Sapporo  Honorary Consul  Consulate 883-3 Chome 4-Jo Miyayanomori Chuo-Ku, Sapporo Shi’s Sapporo, Japan Phone : 81-11 2516002 days, 6434531 night
REPUBLIC OF KOREA Pusan  Honorary Consul Consulate Yong-in Building Tk. V 160-7, Namgu Koangan 3-Dong, Pusan, Republic of Korea Phone : 051 757-4004 Fax : 051 7574005
MALAYSIA Kuala Lumpur Embassy Website 233 Jalan Tun Razak 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Phone : +603.245-2011 Fax +603.2417908
Johor Bahru Consulate 723, Jalan Air Molek 80.000, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia Phone : 60-7 222-3396 Fax : 60-7 222-8348
Kota Kinabalu Consulate General Lorong Kemajuan, Karamunsing Peti Surat 11595, 88817, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia Phone : 60-88 218600, 218258, 218518, 219110, Fax. : 60-88 215170
Penang Consulate 467, Jalan Burma 10350 Penang, Malaysia Phone : 60-4 374686, 374704 Fax. : 60-4 365887, 371370, 365-141,
PAKISTAN Karachi Consulate General E/1-5 Shahran-E-Iran, Clifton, Karachi-75600 Pakistan Phone : 92 21 5874619, 5874623, 5874367, 530944 Fax. : 92 21 5874483
PHILIPPINES Manila Embassy 185 Salcedo St, Legaspi Village, Makati, Manila Phone: 02-892 5061
Davao Consulate General Ecoland Subdivision P.O. Box. 156, Matina, Davao City, Philippines Phone : 63-82 78486 to 78489 Fax. : 63-82 63880, 297-0193
SINGAPORE Singapore Embassy 7 Chatsworth Road, Singapore Phone : 737 74 22 Fax. : 737 50 37, 235 57 83
VIETNAM Ho Chi Minh City Consulate General 18, Phung Khac Khoan Street – 1st District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Fax. : 84.8. 299-493 Phone : 84.8 251-888, 251-889, 223-839, 223-799

Australia

AUSTRALIA Canberra Embassy Website 8 Darwin Avenue, YARRALUMLA ACT 2600 Phone : +61 2 6250 8600 Fax : +61 2 6273 6017 E-mail
Adelaide Honorary Consul Consulate 45 King William Street Adelaide, SA Phone : 61-8 217-8288 Fax. : 61-8 212-7378
Darwin Consulate 20, Harry Chan Avenue, Darwin Northern Territory 0801,Australia Phone : 61-89 410048, 410451 Fax. : 61-89 412709
Melbourne Consulate General 72 Queen Road Melbourne VIC 3004 Phone : 61-3 9 525-2755 Fax. : 61-3 9 525-1588
Perth Consulate Cable : indonesia australia 134, Adelaide Terrace East Perth, WA 6004 P.O. Box. 6683 Australia Phone : 61-9 221-5858 Fax. : 61-9 221-5688 Telex : 197043 INDONAA
Sydney Consulate General 236-238 Maroubra Road Maroubra NSW 2035, Sydney, Australia Phone : 61-2 344-9933 Fax. : 61-2 349-6854

Europe

AUSTRIA Vienna Embassy Website Embassy of Indonesia in Vienna, Austria
Salzburg  Honorary Consul General  Consulate General Alte Bundesstrasse-Wals A-5071, Salzburg-Wals Austria Phone : 662 855538
BELGIUM Antwerpen Consulate General Honorary Consul General Bredabaan 842844 B-2170 Antwerpen, Belgium Phone : 32-3 645-0023 Fax. : 32-3 645-7922
Charleroi Honorary Consul Consulate Place Du Champs de Mars 2 1050 Brussels Phone : 32-71 511-6570
CZECH Republic  Prague Embassy Website Embassy of Indonesia in Prague, Czech Republic.
FINLAND Helsinki Embassy Website Kuusisaarentie 3, 00340 Helsinki, Finland. Tel. 358-9 458-2100 Fax. 358-9 458-2882. E-mail
Helsinki  Honorary Consul General  Consulate General Peperinkerays Oy, Aleksanterinkatu 48-B 00100 Helsinki 10, Finland Phone : 358-9 177015, 175975
FRANCE Paris Embassy Website 47-49 Rue Cortambert 75116 Paris Phone: +33 1 45030760 Fax: +33 1 45045032
Marseille Consulate General 25 Boulevard Carmagnole 13008 Marseille, France Phone : 33-4 9123-0160 Fax. : 33-4 9171-4032
GERMANY Berlin Embassy Website Lehrterstrasse 16-17 – 10557 Berlin – Germany Phone : +49030 478 07 241/ 242/ 239 Fax: +49030.44 73 71 42 E-mail
Berlin Consulate General Esplanade 7-9, 13187 Berlin, Germany Phone : 49-30 445-9210 / 3 Fax. : 49-30 444-7639, 445-9209
Bremen Honorary Consul Consulate Friedrich-Klippert Strasse 1 28759 Bremen, Germany Phone : 49-21 660-4400 Fax : 49-21 660-4395
Duesseldorf  Honorary Consul General  Consulate Moersenbroicher Weg 200/VII 40470 Duessledorf, Germany Phone : 49-211 626151 Fax. : 49-211 6189411
Hamburg Consulate General Bebelallee 15, 22299Hamburg, Germany Phone : 49-40 5120713 Fax. : 49-40 5117531
Hannover  Honorary Consul  Consulate Georgsplatz 1, 30159 Hannover, Germany Phone : 49-511 361-2150
Kiel  Honorary Consul  Consulate Brauner Berg 15, 24159 Kiel, Germany Phone : 49-431 394020
Muenchen  Honorary Consul  Consulate Widenmayer Strasse 24, 80538 Muenchen, Germany Phone : 49-89 294609
Stuttgart  Honorary Consul General  Consulate Flughafen Stuttgart, Terminal 3/ZI-113 70629 Stuttgart – Germany Phone : 49-711 948-4016
Wiesbaden  Honorary Consul  Consulate Bierstadter Strasse 9, 6200 Wiesbaden – Germany Phone : 49-611 304339 Fax. : 49-611 307883
GREECE Piraeus Honorary Consul Consulate 9, Ethnikis Antistasseos Street 185.31 Piraeus – Greece Phone : 301 360-5051 Fax : 301 360-4040
ITALY Rome Embassy (also accredited to Malta and Cyprus) Website Via Campania 53-55
00187 Roma, Italy
Phone : (39-06) 420-0911 Fax. : (39-06) 488-0280 Email : indorom@uni.net
Genova  Honorary Consul  Consulate Via Roma, 8
16121 Genova, Italy
Phone : (39-010) 6404.375 Fax. : (39-010) 6404.488
Naples  Honorary Consul  Consulate Via Cervantes 55/27
80133 Napoli, Italy
Phone : (39-081) 551-9634 Fax. : (39-081) 551-8529
Bari Honorary Consul  Consulate Via Cognetti, 31
70121 Bari, Italy
Phone : (39-080) 523-7108 Fax. : (39-081) 573-0652
Milano Honorary Consul  Consulate Via Vincenzo Monti, 33
20123 Milano, Italy
Phone : (39-02) 4345-4203 Fax. : (39-02) 4398-2087
LUXEMBOURG  Honorary Consul  Consulate Av. Guillaume 62, L-1650 Luxembourg, G.D. Luxembourg Phone : 352 455858 Fax. : 352 455859, Telex: 60392
NETHERLANDS The Hague, Embassy Website Tobias Asserlaan 8, 2517 KC The Hague Phone : +31-070-3108 100 /177 Fax. : +31-070-3643 331
NORWAY Oslo Embassy Website Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia Gange Rolvsgata 5, 0244 Oslo, Norway Phone : +47 22 44 11 21 Fax : +47 22 55 34 44 E-mail
RUSSIA Moscow Embassy Website Novokuznetskaya Ulitsa 12, Moscow – Russia Phone : 7-095 231-9549 Fax : 7-095 231-6431
SLOVAK REPUBLIC Bratislava Website Embassy of Indonesia in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
SPAIN Barcelona Consulate General Honorary Consul General Rambia Estudios 119 Apartado 18, Barcelona 2, Spain Phone : 34-3 317-1900, 318-4130
UK London, Embassy Website Indonesian Embassy London, United Kingdom 38 Grosvenor Square London W1K 2HW Phone: 020 7499 7661 Fax: 020 7491 4993
UKRAINE Kiev Embassy Website Embassy of Indonesia in Kiev, Ukraine

Middle East And Mediterranean

EGYPT Cairo Website Website Embassy of Indonesia in Cairo, Egypt 13 Aisyah el-Taymoria. Garden City. Cairo – Egypt Phone : 202 7947200, 7947209 Fax . : 7962495
MALTA St. Valletta  Honorary Consul  Consulate (embassy; see Italy) 21/22 St. Barbara Bastions
Valletta VLT 06, Malta
Phone : (356-21) 22-6873/4/5 Fax. : (356-21) 22-6876
SAUDI ARABIA Jeddah Consulate General Khaled Bin Waleed Street Syarafeah District, P.O. Box. 10 Jeddah 21411, Saudi Arabia Phone : 966.2 651-7708, 651-7440 Fax. : 966.2 651-3512
TURKEY Istanbul  Honorary Consul General  Consulate General Yapi Merkezi, Insaat Sanayi A.S. Haci Resit Pase Sok. No.13 Camlica, Istanbul Phone : 90-212 321-9000
CYPRUS Embassy: see Italy

Pacific

NEW CALEDONIA Noumea Consulate General 2, Rue Lamartine – Orphelinat B.P. 26, 98845 Noumea Cedex Nouvelle Caledonie Phone : 687 282574, 282919 Fax. : 687 278435
NEW ZEALAND Embassy 70 Glen Road Kelburn, Wellington, New Zealand Phone: 04 475 8697/8/9 Fax: 04 475 9374
PAPUA NEW GUINEA VanimoConsulate Sandaun Province P.O. Box. 39 Vanimo Phone : 675 871371 Fax. : 675 871373

Indonesia:: Foreign Embassies to Indonesia

Indonesia, Java, Jakarta. View from MONAS, a lift runs to te top of the monument. View from MONAS, a lift runs to te top of the monument. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Indonesia, Java, Jakarta. View from MONAS. Most embassies in Indonesia are located in Jakarta. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Most embassies in Indonesia are located in Jakarta, while several nations have consular representatives in Bali as well as in some of the major cities in Indonesia. Some countries deal with Indonesia from an embassy in a third country. This is a list of foreign embassies and consulates to Indonesia. The list below may not be 100% complete.

What assistance can you expect from your embassy? You must always be aware of the laws in the country you are visiting, a noncriminal act in your home country may be subject to imprisonment in Indonesia. In that case your embassy may not be able to or willing to give you much assistance. You may get some assistance in an emergency, but don’t expect to get a free ticket home, as you are expected to have insurance. If you have lost all your money and documents you will normally get a new passport, but not money to continue your journey. Some embassies is a good source of information, but today most have their own websites, and expect the public to look for info there first.


 

Africa

ALGERIA Embassy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Algeria Address : Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav.10 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.4719 / 525.4809 Fax : 6221-525.4654
BENIN Embassy of the Republic of Benin No. 38, Guang Hua Lu, Beijing People’s Republic of China Phone : 6532.2741 / 65322302 Fax : 6532.5103
BURKINA FASO Embassy of Burkina Faso Hiroo Glisten Hills 3F, 3-1-17, Hiroo-Shibuya-ku T156 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3400.7919 Fax : 3400.6945
COTE D’IVOIR Embassy of the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire 2-19-12, Uehara, Shibuya-ku T151, Tokyo, Japan Phone : 5454.1401/2/3 Fax : 5454.1405
DJIBOUTI Embassy of the Republic of Djibouti 2-2-17-201, Shoto, Shibuya-ku T150 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3481.5252/ 3481.5272 Fax : 3481.5387
ERITREA Embassy of Eritrea 1-1-2, Ta Yuan Office Building Beijing, People’s Republic of China Phone : 6532.6534 / 6532.6535 Fax : 6532.6532
ETHIOPIA Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 1-14-15, Midorigaoka Meguro-Ku  T152 , Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3718.1003/-5 Fax : 3718.0978
GAMBIA Jakarta Consulate Wisma Metropolitan I, 10th floor, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav.29 12920 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.1641 /-570.1491 Fax : 6221-520.7789
GABON Embassy of the Gabonese Republic 1-12-11, Kami-Osaki, Shinagawa-ku T141 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3448.9540 Fax : 3448.1396
GHANA Embassy of the Republic of Ghana 6-2-4 Fukazawa Setagaya-Ku, Tokyo, Japan Phone : 5706.3201/4 Fax : 5706.3205
GUINEA Embassy of the Republic of Guinea No.5 Jalan Kedondong of Jalan Ampang Hilir Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Phone : 457.6500/ 452.1500/ 452.6501/ 452.6502 Fax : 451.1500
LESOTHO Embassy of the Kingdom of Lesotho No. 1-7-1, Ta Yuan Office Building Beijing, People’s Republic of China Phone : 6532.6842 / 6532.6843 Fax : 6532.6845
LIBERIA Embassy of the Republic of Liberia Daikyo-Azabu Building, 6-7 floor 2-35-1, Higaski-Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3585.8811/4 Fax : 3585.8813
LIBYA The People’s Bureau of the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahirya Jl. Pekalongan No.24, Menteng Jakarta 10310 Phone : 6221-335.308 /-335.754 Fax : 6221-335.726
MADAGASCAR Embassy of the Republic of Madagascar 2-3-23 Moto-Azamu Minato-Ku , T 106 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3446.7252 / 4 Fax : 3446.7078
MALI Embassy of the Republic of Mali Jl. Mendawai III / No.18 Kebayoran Baru, 12130 Jakarta Phone : 6221-720.8472 / -726.8504 Fax : 6221-722.9589
MAURITIUS Embassy of the Republic of Mauritius Bangunan Angkasa Raya, Suite ABC -14th floor, Jl. Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Phone : 241.1870 / 241.1126 Fax : 241.5115
Jakarta Consulate Jl. K.H. Hasyim Ashari no.33-B Jakarta 11000 Phone : 6221-231.3669 Fax : 6221-231.3679
MOROCCO Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco Kuningan Plaza, South Tower Suite 512 Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.C 11-14 , Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.0773 / -520.0956 Fax : 6221-520.0586
MOZAMBIQUE Embassy of the Republic of Mozambique 1-7-1, Ta Yuan Office Building Beijing, People’s Republic of China Phones : 6532.3664 / 6532.3578 Fax : 6532.5189
NAMIBIA Embassy of the Republic of Namibia No. 11, Jalan Mesra of Jalan Damai 55000, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Phone : – Fax : –
NIGERIA Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Jl. Taman Patra XIV/ No.11-11A Kuningan Timur, P.O. BOX 3649, 12950 Jakarta Indonesia Phone : 6221-526.0922 /-526.0923 Fax : 6221-526.0924
RWANDA Embassy of the Rwanda No. 38 Kowa building, room 702, 4-12-24, Nishi-Azabu, Minato-ku T 106 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3486.7801 Fax : 3409.2434
SENEGAL Embassy of the Republic of Senegal 1-3-4 Aobadai Meguro-Ku T 153 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3464-8451 Fax : 3464-8452
SEYCHELLES Embassy of the Republic of Seychelles 20 Avenue, Suite 900 F, New York, N.Y.10017 United States of America Phone : 1-212- 972.1785 Fax : 1-212- 972.1786
Jakarta Consulate c/o P.T Waris & Co. Jl. Kebon Kacang 29/No.10, Tanah abang 10240 Jakarta Phone : 6221-334.428 /-322.127 /-337.571 Fax : 6221-327.503 /-324.550
SIERRA LEONE Embassy of the Republic of Sierra Leone No. 7, Dong Zhi Men Wai Da Jie Beijing, People’s Republic of China Phone : 8610 6532.1222 / 6532.2174 Fax : 8610 6532.3752
SOMALIA Embassy of the Somalia Republic House No. 21, St. no.56, F-6/4 Islamabad, Pakistan Phone : 279.790 / 279.789 Fax : 826.117
SOUTH AFRICA Embassy of the Republic of South Africa Wisma GKBI, 7th floor-Suite 705, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No.28 10210 Jakarta, Indonesia Phone : 6221-574.0660 Fax : 6221-574.0661
SUDAN Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan Wisma Bank Dharmala, 7th floor-Suite 01, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav.28 P.O. BOX 403, Jakarta 12910 Phone : 6221-521.2075 Fax : 6221-521.2077
SWAZILAND Embassy of the Kingdom of Swaziland 1706 Garden Tower building No.98-78, Woonni-dong, Chongro-ku P.O BOX 1427, Seoul, Republic of Korea Phone : 02-744.0263/4 Fax : 02-744.0265
TANZANIA Embassy of theUnited Republic of Tanzania 10/1, Savr Priya Vihar New Delhi 110016, India Phone : 685.3046 / 685.3047 Fax : 696.8408
TUNISIA Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia Wisma Dharmala Sakti, 11th floor, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No.32 Jakarta 10220 Phone : 6221-570.3432/ -570.4220 Fax : 6221-570.0016
UGANDA Embassy of the Republic of Uganda B3/No.26, Vasant Vihar New Delhi 110057, India Phone : 687.4412 / 688.5817 Fax : 687.4405
ZAMBIA Embassy of the Republic of Zambia 1-10-2 Ebara, Shinagawa-ku T 142 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3491.0121/2 Fax : 3491.0123
ZIMBABWE Embassy of the Republic of Zimbabwe 85, Jalan Ampang Hilir 55000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Phone : 451.6779 / 451.7346 Fax : 451.7252

North America

CANADA Embassy of Canada Wisma Metropolitan I, 5th Floor Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav.29, 12920 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.0709 Fax : 6221-571.2251
Surabaya Consulate Maspion Group Building, 3rd floor, Jl. Kembang Jepun 38-40 60162 Surabaya, East Java Phone : 6231-344.330 Fax : 6231-344.331
Bali Consulate Canada Jl. Prof. M. Yamin No. 4, Renon, Denpasar PO. Box: 243 Phone: 62-361 235092 / 3 Fax.: 62-361 231990
USA Embassy of the United States of America Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No.5 Jakarta 10110 Phone : 6221-344.2211 Fax : 6221-386.2259
Bali Consular Agency Jl. Hayam Wuruk No. 188,Denpasar Bali Phone : 62-361 233605 Fax. : 62-361 222426
Jakarta Consulate General Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No.5 Jakarta 10110 Phone : 6221-344.2211 Fax : 6221-386.2259
Surabaya Consulate General Jl. Raya Dr. Sutomo No. 33 Surabaya, East Java Phone : 6231-568.2287 /-568.2288 Fax : 6231-567.4492

Central America

COSTA RICA Embassy of the Republic of Costa Rica No.38, Kowa Building, 9th Floor, 901 4-12-24, Nishi Azabu, Minato-ku  T 106 , Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3486.1812 Fax : 3486.1813
CUBA Embassy of the Republic of Cuba Villa Pejaten Mas, Block G/No.4 Pejaten, Pasar Minggu , 12520 Jakarta Phone : 6221-780.6673 Fax : 6221-780.7345 /-780.6673
DOMINICA Embassy of the Republic of Dominica 3216 New Mexico Avenue Washington D.C., N.W.20016,United States of America Phone : 202-364.6781 Fax : 202-364.6791
GRENADA Embassy of the Republic of Grenada 1701 New Hampshire Avenue Washington DC, NW 2000 United States of America Phone : 202-265.2561
GUATEMALA Embassy of the Republic of Guatemala New York, United States of America Phone : – Fax : –
JAMAICA Embassy of the Republic Jamaica Toranomon Yatsuka Building 2-F 1-1-11, Atago, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105, Japan Phone : 03-3435.1861 Fax : 03-3435.1864
MEXICO Embassy of Mexico Menara Mulia Building, Suite 2306 Jl. Gatot Subroto Kav. 9-11, 12930 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.3980 Fax : 6221-520.3978
Denpasar Consulate c/o PT. Astina Tours and Travel, Jl. Prof. Mohamad Yamin no.1A Denpasar – Bali Phone : 0361-223.266 Fax : 0361-231.740
NICARAGUA Embassy of the Republic of Nicaragua Permanent Mission of Nicaragua to the United States 820 Second Avenue, 8th floor New York, N.Y. 10017 United States of America Phone : 212-490.7997 Fax : 212-286.0815
PANAMA Embassy of the Republic of Panama 16 Raffles Quay No.41-06 Hong Kong Building, Singapore 048581 Singapore Phone : 65-221.8677 Fax : 65-224.0892
Jakarta Consulate General World Trade Center Building, 8th floor, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav.29-31 Jakarta 12920 Phone : 6221-571.1867 /-570.0218 Fax : 6221-571.1933
SAINT LUCIA Embassy of Saint Lucia 3216 New Mexico Avenue, Washington D.C., N.W. 20016 United States of America Phone : 202-364.67.92 -95 Fax : 202-364.6723
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES 1717 Messachusetts Avenue, NW Suite 102, Washington D.C. 20036, United States of America Phone : 202-364.6730 Fax : 202-364.6736
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Embassy of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago 131 Jor Bagh, New Delhi 11000, India Phone : 461.8186 /461.8187 Fax : 462.4581
ZAIRE Embassy of the Republic of Zaire C-56 Panchsheel Enclave New Delhi 110017, India Phone : 622.2796 Fax : 622.7226

South America

ARGENTINA Embassy of the Republic of Argentina Menara Mulia Building, suite 1901, 19th floor Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto, Kav. 9-11 12930 Jakarta Phone : 6221-526.5661 Fax : 6221-526.5664
BOLIVIA Embassy of the Republic of Bolivia No. 38, Kowa Building, 8th floor/ Room 804 4-12-24, Nishi Azabu, Minato-ku T106 Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3499.5441/2, 3499.5456 Fax : 3499.5443
Jakarta Consulate
BRAZIL Embassy of the Federative Republic of Brazil Menara Mulia Building, 16th Floor, Suite 1602 Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto Kav. 9-11 12390 Jakarta Phone : 6221-526.56.56 -58, 526.5660 Ambassador’s direct line Fax : 6221-526.5659
CHILE Embassy of the Republic of Chile Bina Mulia I building, 7th Floor Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.10, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.1131 Fax : 6221-520.1955
Jakarta Consulate Bina Mulia I Building, 7th floor, Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav.10 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.1131 2 lines  Fax : 6221-520.1955
COLOMBIA Embassy of the Republic of Colombia Central Plaza Building, 16th Floor Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav. 47, Jakarta 12920 Phone : 6221-6446 /-5701422 Fax : 6221-520.7717
Jakarta Consulate Central Plaza Building, 16th floor Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav.48, Jakarta 12920 Phone : 6221-516.446
ECUADOR Embassy of the Republic of Ecuador No.38 Kowa Building, Room 806 4-12-24, Nishi Azabu, Minato-ku T106, Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3499.2800 / 3498.3984 Fax : 3499.4400 / 3499.2866
PERU Embassy of Peru Bina Mulia Building 2, 3rd floor, Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav.11 Kuningan, Jakarta 12950
SURINAME Embassy of the Republic of Suriname Paramaribo-Suriname Phone : – Fax : –
URUGUAY Embassy of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay No.21 Jalan Taman U Thant Off Jalan U Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Phone : 243.3364 / 243.3379 Fax : 243.3723
VENEZUELA Embassy of the Republic of Venezuela Menara Mulia, Suite 2005, 20th floor, Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto Kav.9-11 Jakarta Selatan Phone : 6221-522.7547/ -525.7548 Fax : 6221-522.7549 E-mail

Asia

AFGHANISTAN Embassy of the Islamic State of Afghanistan Jl. Dr. Kusumaatmaja S.H.. No.15 Menteng, 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-314.3169 Fax : 6221-335.390
BANGLADESH Embassy of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Jl. Denpasar Raya No.3, Block A-13 Kav. 10, Kuningan-12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221- 525.1986/ 522.1574/ 522.1729 Ambassador’s direct line Fax : 6221-526.1807
Padang Consulate Jl. Veteran No.17, Padang West Sumatra Phone : 0751-25001 /-31868 /-38338 Fax : 0751-33572
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Embassy of Brunei Darussalam Wisma GKBI, Suite 1901 Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 28, 10210 Jakarta Phone : 6221-574.1437 /-574.1438 /-574.1439 Fax: 6221-574.1463
CAMBODIA Royal Embassy of Cambodia Panin Bank Plaza, 4th Floor Jl. Palmerah Utara No.52 , 11480 Jakarta Phone : 6221-548.4840 /-548.3716 Fax : 6221-548.3684
CHINA Embassy of the People’s Republic of China Mega Kuningan No.2 , Jakarta Phone : 6221-576.1037/38, -576.1039 Fax : 6221-576.1034
INDIA Embassy of the Republic of India Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said S-1, Kuningan 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.4150 /-520.4152 / -520.4157 /-520.4161 Fax : 6221-520.4160
Medan Consulate General Jl. Uskup Agung A. sugiapranoto No. 19 Medan 20152, North Sumatra Phone : 6261-531.308/-326.452 Fax : 6261-531.319
JAPAN Embassy of Japan Jl. M.H. Thamrin No.24 Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-324.308 8 lines Fax : 6221-325.460
Bali Consulate Jl. Raya Puputan, Renon Denpasar, Bali Phone: 62-361 227628 Fax.: 62-361 231308
Jakarta Consulate General Jl. M.H. Thamrin No.24 Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-324.308 /-325.268 Fax : 6221-315.7156
Surabaya Consulate General Jl. Sumatra No. 93 Surabaya, East Java Phone : 6231-534.0003 /-534.4677 Fax : 6231-531.5872
Ujung Pandang Consulate General Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 31 Ujung Pandang, South Sulawesi Phone : 62411-871.030 /-872.323 Fax : 62411-853.946
Medan Consulate General Jl. Suryo No. 12, Medan North Sumatra Phone : 6261-531.192 Fax : 6261-511.447
KOREA, Democratic Republic of Korea Embassy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. X-5 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-521.0181 /-522.2442 /-526.0066/ -521.0182/ 522.9551 Fax : 6221-521.0183
KOREA, Republic of Korea Embassy of the Republic of Korea Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto No. 57 P.O. BOX 4187 JKTM Jakarta Selatan Phone : 6221-520.1915 8 lines Fax : 6221-525.4159
KYRGYSTAN Embassy of the Republic of Kyrgystan 2-4-1, Ta Yuan Office Building Beijing, People’s Republic of China Phone : 8610-6532.6458/ -6532.6459 Fax : 8610-6592.6459
LAOS Embassy of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic Jl. Kintamani Raya C-15 / No.33 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.2673 /-522.9602 Fax : 6221-522.9601
MALAYSIA Embassy of Malaysia Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.X/6 No. 1-3 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-522.4947 8 lines Fax : 6221-522.4974
Medan Consulate General Jl. Diponegoro No.43 Medan, North Sumatra Phone : 6261-531.342 /-535.271 Fax : 6261-534.681
Pekanbaru Consulate Jl. Diponegoro No. 59 Pekanbaru, Riau Phone : 62761-22305/ -231.43
Pontianak Consulate Jl. A. Yani No. 42 Pontianak, West Kalimantan Phone : 62561-32.986 /-36.061 Fax : 62561-36.060
MONGOLIA Embassy of Mongolia No. 39, Tran Phu Street, Hanoi, Vietnam Phone : 844-845.3009 /-843.6256 Fax : 844-845.4954
MYANMAR Embassy of the Union of Myanmar Jl. Haji Agus Salim No.109 Menteng, Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-314.0440 / -327.684 Fax : 6221-327.204
NEPAL Royal Nepalese Embassy 189, Soi 71 Sukhumvit Road Prakanong, Bangkok 10110 Thailand Phone : 6221-390.2280 / -391.7240 Fax : 6221-381.2406
PAKISTAN Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Jl. Teuku Umar No.50 Menteng, Jakarta 10350 Phone : 6221-314.4008 /-314.4009 /-314.4011 Fax : 6221-310.3947 /-310.3946 / -310.3945
Medan Consulate Jl. Hang Jebat No. 3, Medan West Sumatra Phone : 6261-518.190
The PHILIPPINES Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines Jl. Imam Bonjol No. 6-8 Menteng, 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-310.0302 / -314.9329 /-310.0334 Fax : 6221-315.9773 / -315.1167
Surabaya Honorary Consulate Jl. Kaliwaron 128, Surabaya 60285 Phone : 6231-593.9889, -592.6779 Fax : 6231-594.748
Manado Consulate General Jl. Lumimuut No.8, Tikala Kumaraka Manado, North Sulawesi Phone : 62431-862.365/-862.181 Fax : 62431-855.316
SINGAPORE Embassy of the Republic of Singapore Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Block X/4 Kav.2, Kuningan -12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.1489 hunting
Medan Consulate Jl. Tengku Daud No. 3, Medan North Sumatra Phone : 6261-513.366, -513.134
SRI LANKA Embassy of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Jl. Diponegoro No. 70, Menteng Jakarta 10310 Phone : 6221-314.1018 / -316.1886 / -391.9364 / -315.1686 Fax : 6221-310.7962
Surabaya Consulate Jl. Putat Gde Permai 1 Surabaya 60189, East Java Phn./fax : 6231.715.732
Medan Consulate Jl. Raya Taman Setia Budi Indah no 1 Medan, North Sumatra Phone : 6261-800006 -8, -812.717, -813.188 Fax : 6261-8000010
THAILAND Royal Thai Embassy Jl. Imam Bonjol No.74 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-390.4052 / -314.7925 / -391.5651 / -310.7468 Fax : 6221-310.7469
UZBEKISTAN Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan Jl. Brawijaya Raya No.7 Block P-5, Jakarta Selatan Phone : 6221-739.9009 / -722.1640 / -913.4212/ -913.4213 Fax : 6221-722.1640
VIETNAM Embassy of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam Jl. Teuku Umar No. 25 Menteng, 10350 Jakarta Phone : 6221-910 0163/-315 8537/-310.0358/-310 0359/-310 1805 Fax : 6221-314 9615

Australia

AUSTRALIA Embassy of Australia Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.C15-16 12940 Jakarta Phone : 6221-522.7111 Fax : 6221-522.7101
Jakarta Consulate General Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav C.15-16 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-522.7111
Bali Consulate Covering the Bali and Nusa Tenggara Barat Province Jl. Prof. Moh.Yamin No.4, Renon P.O. BOX 3243, Denpasar-Bali Phone : 0361-235.092 / -235.093 Fax : 0361-231.990

Europe

ALBANIA Embassy of the Republic of Albania 2952 Jl.Bukit Ledang, Off Jalan Duta Kuala Lumpur 50480, Malaysia Phone : 253 7808 / 253 8102 Fax : 253.7359
AUSTRIA Embassy of Austria Jl. Diponegoro No.44 Menteng, Jakarta 10310 Phone : 6221- 338.090 / 338 101/ 310 7451/ 315 9912 Fax : 6221-390 4927
Bandung Consulate General Jl. Prabu Dimuntur No.4 P.O. BOX 1025, 40115 Bandung Phn./fax : 022-439.505
BELGIUM Embassy of the Kingdom of Belgium Deutsche Bank Building 16th floor Jl. Imam Bonjol 80, Jakarta 10310 Phone : 6221-316 2030 Fax : 6221-316.2035
Medan Consulate Jl. Patimura No. 459 P.O. BOX 1286, Medan, North Sumatra Phone : 6261-810.559
Surabaya Consulate Jl. Kupang Indah XIX /No.36 Surabaya Phone : 6231-711.511 / 082-310.2143
BULGARIA Embassy of the
Republic of Bulgaria
Jl. Imam Bonjol No. 34-36, 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-390.4049 / 390.4048
CROATIA Embassy of the Republic of Croatia Menara Mulia building, suite 2101 Jl. Gatot Subroto, Kav.9-11, 12930 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.7822 /-525.7611 Fax : 6221-520.4073
CYPRUS Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus No. 30 Belle Crescent, Deakin ACT 2600, Canberra, Australia Phone : 06-281.0832/ -281.0834 /-6281.0871 Fax : 06-281.0860 /6281.0901
Jakarta Consulate PT. SBC Warbung Dillon Read Indonesia, Wisma GKBI, suite 1606, 16th floor Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 28 Phone : 6221-574.0111 Fax : 6221-251.1663
CZECH Embassy of the Czech Republic Jl. Gereja Theresia No.20 Jakarta P.O. Box 1319 Phone : 6221-390.4075 /-390.4077 Fax : 6221-336.282
DENMARK Royal Danish Embassy Bina Mulia building, 4th Floor Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.10, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.4350 Fax : 6221-520.1962
Jakarta Royal Danish Consulate Menara Batavia, 15th floor, Jl. K.H. Mansyur Kav.126 Jakarta 10220 Phone : 6221-574.5123 Fax : 6221-574.5234
Bali Consulate Jl. Jaya Giri VIII/ No.10, Renon, Denpasar 80234, Bali, Indonesia P.O. BOX 3188, Denpasar 80001, Bali Phone: 62-361 235098, 233053 Fax.: 62-361 234834, 238013
Medan Royal Danish Consulate Jl. Hang Jebat No. 2, Medan North Sumatra Phone : 6261-538.028 /-553.020 Fax : 6261-538.384
Surabaya Royal Danish Consulate Jl. Sambas No. 10, Surabaya 60241 East Java Phone : 6231-567.6754 Fax : 6231-568.7203
EU, European Union Representation of the European Commission Wisma Dharmala sakti, 16th floor, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav.32 PO BOX 6454 JKPDS, Jakarta 10064 Phone : 6221-570.6076 Fax : 6221-570.6075
FINLAND Embassy of Finland Bina Mulia Building I, 10th Floor Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.10, Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.7408 Fax : 6221-525.2033
Bali Consulate Segara Village Hotel, Jl. Segara, Sanur Bali Phone : 62361-288.407 /-288.231 Fax : 62361-287.242
Batam Consulate Jl. Sutami Bukit Harimau, Batam Phone : 62778-322658 Fax : 62778-321.080/ 322.653
Medan Consulate Jl. Hang Jebat No. 2 Medan, North Sumatra Phone : 6261-538.028 /-553.020 Fax : 6261-538.3844
FRANCE Embassy of the Republic of France Jl. M.H. Thamrin No.20 Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-314.2807 Fax : 6221-314.3338
Bali Consulate Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai no.35 Sanur 80228, Bali Phone : 62361-285.485
Surabaya Consulate Agency Jl. Darmokali No. 10 Surabaya, East Java Phone : 6231-567.8639
Bandung Consulate Agency Jl. Purnawarman No. 32 Bandung Phone : 6222-421.2417/18
Balikpapan Consulate Agency c/o TOTAL Indonesia P.O. BOX 6 , Balikpapan Phone : 62542-24311
Yogyakarta Consulate Agency c/o Institute Franco-Indonesien Jl. Sagan 3 / No. 1, Yogyakarta Phone : 62274-566.520
GERMANY Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Jl. M.H. Thamrin No. 1 Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-390.1750 Fax : 6221-390.1757
Medan Consulate Jl. Karim M S4, Medan North Sumatra Phone : 6261-537.108
Bali Consulate Jl. Pantai Karang No. 17, Batujimbar, Sanur, Bali, Indonesia P.O. BOX 100 Denpasar Phone: 62-361 288535 / 826 Fax.: 62-361 231990
Surabaya Consulate Jl. Kungkut Indonesia II Surabaya 60293 Phone : 6231-843.7711
GREECE Embassy of Greece Plaza 89, 12th floor Jl. HR. Rasuna Said Kav X-7/ No.6, Kuningan, Jakarta 12950 Phone : 6221-520.7776 Fax : 6221-520.7753
Jakarta Consulate Jl. Kebon Sirih No. 16 Jakarta 10110 Phone : 6221-384.3656 / -385.2771 /-381.1623
HUNGARY Embassy of the Republic of Hungary Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.X/No.3 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.3459 / -520.3460 Fax : 6221-520.3461
ICELAND Embassy of the Republic of Iceland Unit 1005/6 Landmark, 8 North Dongsanhuan Road Chaoyang District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Phone : 8610-6592.7795/-6592.7796/ 650.16688-21005 Fax : 8610-6592.7801
Jakarta Consulate General Jl. Empang Bahagia No. 2, Jelambar Jakarta 11460 Phone : 6221-566.6650 /-566.6651 /-566.6752 Fax : 6221-566.6754
IRELAND Embassy of the Republic of Ireland 20 Arkana Street, Yarralumla ACT 2600, Canberra Australia Phone : 06-273.3022 Fax : 06-273.3741
Jakarta Consulate Jl. Terogong Raya No. 33, Jakarta 12430 P.O. BOX 1078 JKS JAKARTA 12010 Phone : 6221-769.5142 Fax : 6221-750.3644
ITALY Embassy of the Republic of Italy Jl. Diponegoro No.45 Menteng, 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-337.445 hunting 3 lines / -323.490/ -337.440 Fax : 6221-337.422
Bali Consulate Address : Jl. Bypass Ngurah Rai no.126G Sanur, Bali, Phone : 62361-289.728 Fax : 62361-289.743
LUXEMBURG Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg Suite 1603, 16th floor, Menara Keek Seng 203, Jalan Bukit Bintang 55100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Phone : 03-243.3134 Fax : 03-243.3157
NETHERLANDS The Royal Netherlands Embassy Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. S-3 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.1515 Fax : 6221-570.0734
Bali Consulateresorting under the jurisdiction of the Netherlands Consulate in Surabaya Jl. Raya Imam Bonjol No. 599 Kuta, Bali 80119 Phone: 62-361 751571 Fax.: 62-361 752777
Jakarta Consulate General Jl. HR.Rasuna Said Kav.S-3 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.1515
Bandung Consulate Jl. Diponegoro No.25 Bandung 40115, West Java Phone : 6222-431.419
Surabaya Consulate c/o ABN Bank, Jl. Pemuda No. 54, Surabaya East Java Phone : 6231-511.612 /-510.141
Medan Consulate Jl. Walter Monginsidi no.45, T/39, Medan 20152 North Sumatra Phone : 6261-569.823/ -536.130
NORWAY Royal Norwegian Embassy Website Bina Mulia Building I, 4th Floor Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav.10 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.1990 2 lines Fax : 6221-520.7365
Bali Consulate Jl. Jaya Giri VIII /No.10 P.O. BOX 188, Denpasar 80001 – Bali, Denpasar 80234, Bali Phone: 62-361 235098, 233053 Fax.: 62-361 234834, 238013
Medan Consulate Jl. Haji Zainul Arifin No. 55-C Medan, North Sumatra Phone : 6261-512.974 Fax : 6261-559.245
ROMANIA Embassy of Romania Jl. Teuku Cik Ditiro No.42A Menteng, Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-310.6240/-310.6241 Fax : 6221-390.7759
RUSSIA Embassy of the Russian Federation Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.X-7 / 1-2 Kuningan, Jakarta 12950 Phone : 6221-522.2912 / -522.2914 / -522.5195 Fax : 6221-522.2916 / -522.2915
Medan Consulate General Jl. Karim M.S. No. 17, Medan North Sumatra Phone : 6261-550.380
Surabaya Consulate General Jl. Sumatra No. 116 Surabaya East Java Phone : 6231-534.2091
POLAND Embassy of the Republic of Poland Jl. Diponegoro No.65 Menteng, 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-314.0509 hunting Fax : 6221-327.343
SLOVAKIA Embassy of the Slovak Republic Jl. Prof. Moh.Yamin, SH No. 29, Menteng PO BOX 1368, 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-310.1068 / -315.1429 Fax : 6221-310.1180
SLOVENIA Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia New York, USA Phone : – Fax : –
SPAIN Embassy of the Kingdom of Spain Jl. Haji Agus Salim No.61 Menteng, 10350 Jakarta Phone : 6221-335.937/-335.940 /-335.771 /-314.2355 Fax : 6221-325.996
SWEDEN Embassy of Sweden Bina Mulia Building I, 7th floor, Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.10 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.1551 Fax : 6221-525.2652
Bali Consulate Segara Village Hotel, Jl. Segara, Sanur P.O. BOX 3091, Denpasar 800030, Bali Phone : 62361-288.407 Fax : 62361-287.242
Medan Consulate Jl. Hang Jebat No. 2, Medan North Sumatra Phone : 6261-538.028, -332.020 Fax : 6261-538.384
Ujung Pandang Consulate Jl. Lamadukeleng No. 18 P.O. BOX 75, Ujung Pandang, North Sulawesi Phone : 62411-323.601 Fax : 0911-321.183
Surabaya Consulate Jl. Sambas No. 10, Surabaya 60241 East Java Phone : 6231-567.6754 /-567.6232 Fax : 6231-568.7203
SWITZERLAND Embassy of Switzerland Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Block X3/2 Kuningan, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-525.6061 Fax : 6221-520.2289
Bali Consulate Swiss Restaurant Legian Kelot Kuta P.O. BOX 2035, Kuta 80361, Denpasa, Bali Phone : 62361-751.735 /-754.719 Fax : 62361-754.457
TURKEY Embassy of the Republic of Turkey Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said, Kav.1 Jakarta 12950 Phone : 6221-525 6250/-526.4143/-522 7440/-522 8879 Fax : 6221-522 6056/-527 5673
Medan Consulate General Jl. Dr. Mansyur No.122-124 Medan, North Sumatra Phone : 6261-812.981 /-812.982 Fax : 6261-812.983
UK Great Britain British Embassy Website Jl. M.H. Thamrin No. 75 Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-315.6264 Fax : 6221-314.1824 /-390.2726 /-390.7493
Jakarta Consulate Jl. H. Agus Salim No. 128 Menteng, Jakarta 10350 Phone : 6221-390.7484 -88 Fax : 6221-316-0858
Bali Consulate Jl. Prof. M. Yamin No. 4, Renon, Denpasar PO. Box: 243 Phone: 62-361 235092 / 3 Fax.: 62-361 231990
Medan Consulate Jl. Jenderal Achmad Yani No. 2, Medan, North Sumatra P.O. BOX 1162 Medan Phone : 6261-518.699/ -519.992 Fax : 6261-518.699
Surabaya Consulate c/o Hong Kong Bank, Hyatt Bumi Modern, Skyline Building 3rd floor, Jl. Basuki Rachmat 106-128, Surabaya 60271, East Java Phone : 6231-532.6381 Fax : 6231-532.6380
UKRAINE Embassy of Ukraine Jl. Simprug Permata I / No.39 12220 Jakarta Phone : 6221-726.7575 /-720.5356 Fax : 6221-726.6969

Middle East And Mediterranean

EGYPT Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt Jl. Teuku Umar No.68 Menteng, Jakarta 10350 Phone : 6221-314.3440 / -331.141 /-335.350 Fax : 6221-314.5073
IRAN Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran Jl. H.O.S. Cokroaminoto 110 Menteng, Jakarta Pusat Phone : 6221-331.391 /-334.637/ -331.378 Fax : 6221-310.7860
IRAQ Embassy of the Republic of Iraq Jl. Teuku Umar No. 38 Menteng, 10350 Jakarta Indonesia Phone : 6221-390.406.7 -9 Fax : 6221-390.4066
JORDAN Embassy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Jl.Denpasar Raya Block A -13 Kav.01-02, Kuningan , Jakarta 12950 Phone : 6221-520.4400 / -520.4401 Fax : 6221-520.2447
KUWAIT Embassy of the State of Kuwait Jl. Denpasar Raya Block A-XII / No.1 Kuningan Timur, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.2477 /-520.2478 /-520.2479 Fax : 6221-520.4359 /-522.4931 / -526.5886
LEBANON Embassy of Lebanon Jl. YBR V/ No.82, Kuningan Jakarta 12950 Phone : 6221-526.4306 /-525.3074 /-520.7121 Ambassador Direct Line Fax : 6221-520.7121
OMAN Embassy of the Sultanate of Oman Jl. Langgak Golf No.6, Off Jalan Tun Razak 55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Phone : 245.2827 / 245.2829 Fax : 245.2826
PALESTINE Embassy of the State of Palestine Jl. Diponogoro No.59 Menteng, 10310 Jakarta Phone : 6221-323.521 /-314.5444 /-310.8005 Fax : 6221-310.8011
QATAR Embassy of the State of Qatar Jl. Taman Ubud I/ No.5 Kuningan Timur, Jakarta, 12920 Jakarta Phone : 6221-527.7751 / -527.7752 Fax : 6221-527.7754
SAUDI ARABIA Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Jl. M.T. Haryono, Kav.27 Cawang Atas, 13630 Jakarta Phone : 6221-801.1553 / 801.1537 Fax : 6221-801.1527
SYRIA Embassy of the Syrian Arab Republic Jl. Karang Asem I /No.8 Kuningan Raya, 12950 Jakarta Phone : 6221-520.4117 /-520.1641 /-525.5991 Fax : 6221-520.2511
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Embassy of the United Arab Emirates Jl. Sisingamangaraja C-4, Kav.16-17 Kuningan 12950 Phone : 6221-520.6518 /-520.6552 Fax : 6221-520.6526
YEMEN Embassy of the Republic of Yemen Jl. Yusuf Adiwinata No. 29 Menteng, 10350 Jakarta Phone : 6221-390.4074 /-310.8029 /-310.8035 Fax : 6221-390.4946

Pacific

NEW ZEALAND New Zealand Embassy BRI II Building, 23rd floor, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman, Kav.44-46 P.O. BOX2439 JKT 10024, 10210 Jakarta Phone : 6221-570.9460 /-570.9470 Fax : 6221-570.9457/ -570.9471
Bali Consulate Jl. Prof. M. Yamin No. 4, Renon, Denpasar PO. Box: 243 Phone: 62-361 235092 / 3 Fax.: 62-361 231990
PAPUA NEW GUINEA Embassy of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea Panin Bank Centre, 6th floor Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 1 , Jakarta 10270 Phone : 6221-725.1218 hunting Fax : 6221-720.1012
Bali Consulate Jl. Prof. M. Yamin No. 4, Renon, Denpasar PO. Box: 243 Phone: 62-361 235092 / 3 Fax.: 62-361 231990
Jayapura Consulate General Jl. Percetakan No. 23-B, Jayapura 99111 Irian Jaya Phone : 62967-31250 Fax : 62967-31698
MARSHALL ISLANDS Embassy of the Republic of Marshall Island 2-14-1, Ta Yuan Office Building Beijing, People’s Republic of China Phone : 6532.5904 / 6532.4657 Fax : 6532.4679 / 6532.5693
MICRONESIA Embassy of the Federated States of Micronesia Reinanzaka Building 2nd floor, 1-14-2 Akasaka Minato-ku T-170, Tokyo, Japan Phone : 3585.5456 Fax : 3585.5348
TONGA Embassy of the Kingdom of Tonga 36 Molyneux Street, W1H 6AB London, England Phone : 0171-724.5828 Fax :

Sources: Official embassy websites. The list may not be 100% complete.

Life:: Tradition and Multiethnicity

Kalimantan, Tanjung Datu. Small village close to the Malaysian border. As usual in Indonesia there are happy, playfull children everywhere. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Kalimantan, Tanjung Datu. Small village close to the Malaysian border. As usual in Indonesia there are happy, playfull children everywhere. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

This article give some background to the complex traditions and multiethnicity of the young Indonesian nation. In the early 1990s, Indonesia’s society was divided into numerous ethnic groups and minorities (see list of principal ethnic groups). The largest group were the Javanese at 45 percent of the total population. Sundanese made up 14 percent, followed by Madurese, 7.5 percent, and coastal Malays, 7.5 percent.

As a sign of it’s diverse population, fully 26 percent of the population in 1992 consisted of numerous small ethnic groups or minorities. The extent of this diversity is unknown, however, since Indonesian censuses do not collect data on ethnicity.

As this increasingly mobile, multiethnic nation moved into its fifth decade of independence, Indonesians were made aware–through education, television, cinema, print media, and national parks–of the diversity of their own society. When Indonesians talk about their cultural differences with one another, one of the first words they use is adat (custom or tradition). This term adat is roughly translated as “custom” or “tradition,” but its meaning has undergone a number of transformations in Indonesia. In some circumstances, for instance, adat has a kind of legal status–certain adat laws (hukum adat) are recognized by the government as legitimate. These ancestral customs may pertain to a wide range of activities: agricultural production, religious practices, marriage arrangements, legal practices, political succession, or artistic expressions.

Despite the fact that the vast majority of Indonesians are Muslim, they maintain very different social identifications. For example, when Javanese try to explain the behavior of a Sundanese or a Balinese counterpart, they might say “because it is his adat.” Differences in the ways ethnic groups practice Islam are often ascribed to adat. Each group may have slightly different patterns of observing religious holidays, attending the mosque, expressing respect, or burying the dead.

Although adat in the sense of “custom” is often viewed as one of the deepest–even sacred–sources of consensus within an ethnic group, the word itself is actually of foreign derivation– originally from the Arabic. Through centuries of contact with outsiders, Indonesians have a long history of contrasting themselves and their traditions with those of others, and their notions of who they are as a people have been shaped in integral ways by these encounters. On the more isolated islands in eastern Indonesia, for instance, one finds ethnic groups that have no word for adat because they have had very little contact with outsiders.

Indonesia, Sumatra. Samosir. Simanindo on the northern tip of Samosir is the cultural center of Samosir, with a museum. Batak dance performance. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Indonesia, Sumatra. Samosir. Simanindo on the northern tip of Samosir is the cultural center of Samosir, with a museum. Batak dance performance. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

In the 1970s and 1980s, the notion of adat came to take on a national significance in touristy settings such as Balinese artistic performances and in museum displays. Taman Mini, a kind of ethnographic theme park located on the outskirts of Jakarta, seeks to display and interpret the cultural variation of Indonesia. From its groundbreaking in 1971 and continuing after its completion in 1975, the park was surrounded in controversy, not least because its construction displaced hundreds of villagers whose land was seized in order to finish the job. Nonetheless, a 100-hectare park was landscaped to look like the archipelago of Indonesia in miniature when viewed from an overhead tramway. There was a house for each province to represent the vernacular architecture of the region. Distinctive local hand weapons, textiles, and books explaining the customs of the region were sold.

The powerful message of the park was that adat is contained in objective, material culture, that it is aesthetically pleasing and indeed marketable, but that it is more or less distinct from everyday social life. Furthermore, the exhibits conveyed the impression that ethnicity is a relatively simple aesthetic matter of regional and spatial variations rather than a matter of deep emotional or political attachments. However, the park provided visitors with a vivid and attractive (if not always convincing) model for how the Indonesian national motto– Unity in Diversity (Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, a Javanese motto dating to the fifteenth century Kingdom of Majapahit)–might be understood.

When Indonesians talk about their society in inclusive terms, they are more likely to use a word like budaya (culture) than adat. One speaks of kebudayaan Indonesia, the “culture of Indonesia,” as something grand, and refers to traditions of refinement and high civilization. The Hinduized dances, music, and literature of Java and Bali and the great monuments associated with their religion are often described as examples of “culture” or “civilization” but not “custom.” However the wide variety of sources of local identification underscore the diversity rather than the unity of the Indonesian population.

Library of Congress, Country Studies
Data as of November 1992

Indonesia:: Facts

West Sumatra, Padang. Coral reef and a small island west of Padang (from helicopter). (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

West Sumatra, Padang. Coral reef and a small island west of Padang (from helicopter). (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Indonesia consists of more than 17.000 islands, of these about 6.000 which are permanently inhabited. About 80 percent of the archipelago is water. The country stretches across some 5.150 km from Sumatra in the west to Papua in the east, almost one eighth of the Earth’s circumference. The distance from north to south is about 1.931 km. Indonesia lies at the junction of the Asian and the Australian continental plates, which is the reason for the high volcanic activity in this region.

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Sumatra:: Facts

West Sumatra, Padang. Rainbow west of the Teluk Bayur port. (Bjorn Grotting)

West Sumatra, Padang. Rainbow west of the Teluk Bayur port. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Sumatra is the fifth largest island in the world and the third largest in Indonesia. Population is about 40 million. The island is divided in the Aceh, Riau, Jambi, Bengkulu and Lampung provinces, and North, South and West Sumatra. It borders the Indian Ocean to the west and Malaysia to the east, separated from the Malay peninsula by the Malacca strait. Area is about 425.000 square kilometers.

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Riau:: Batam Island

Indonesia, Riau, Batam. Close to Sekupang, a large part of the population still make their living from fishing and sea transport. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Indonesia, Riau, Batam. Close to Sekupang, a large part of the population still make their living from fishing and sea transport. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Batam is one of the largest islands in the Riau archipelago, and not long ago it was just another poor island with coastal villages and unspoiled nature. The declaration of the Batam free trade zone in 1989 has turned the island upside down, after just a few years of rapid construction it now has a modern airport, tourist and business centers and a still growing infrastructure that has changed the island completely.

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Riau:: History of Bintan

Riau Islands, Bintan. View over Tanjung Pinang. Parts of the city are built on stilts (from helicopter). (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Riau Islands, Bintan. View over Tanjung Pinang. Parts of the city are built on stilts (from helicopter). (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

Due to it’s strategic location and size Bintan has a rich history. Riau has for centuries been the home of Malay and the Orang Laut people (sea nomads). Later migrants came from south China and Indochina, today people from a large region of Asia has settled here. Bintan was located aside the China-India maritime trading route, and was early in the 14th century, together with Temasek (Singapore), recorded in Chinese maritime records as one of the islands of the Riau archipelago that was inhabited by Malay pirates.

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Life:: Principal Ethnic Groups of Indonesia

West Sumatra, Padang. Air manis outside Padang. A fisherman proudly presents some of the days catch, which he caught on the reef at low tide. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

West Sumatra, Padang. Air manis outside Padang. A fisherman proudly presents some of the days catch, which he caught on the reef at low tide. (Photo Bjorn Grotting)

For centuries the many thousands of islands and mountainous terrain have separated groups of people in the Indonesian archipelago from each other. The result of this is huge variations in culture and languages across the nation. The exact number is not clear, but approximately 300 ethnic groups live here, which speak 365 languages and a large number of dialects.

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